Friday, September 4, 2015

How old is The Compress?

How old is The Compress?

 

The Compress is around 125 years old!   If you haven't seen it you should. It is doubtful that it will survive to be 126.
In 1936, tourists were told "to see the city's greatest industry, 'The Compress'" during the centennial celebration.

Photo: The Compress, taken June 1976 by Ashmead Family from The Depot.


Early History of The Compress: 


Cite:  Sanborn-Perris Map Co., Limited.  Holly Springs, Marshall Co. Miss. [map].  1:600.  New York, NY:  Sanborn-Perris Map Co., Limited, 1892.
1) Around 1890, The Compress was built as one shed and named Holly Springs Compress & Manufacturing Company.




Cite:  Sanborn Map Company.  Holly Springs, Marshall County Mississippi. [map].  1:600.  New York, NY:  Sanborn Map Company, 1915.
2) In the early 1900's, The Compress became the Grenada Compress and Warehouse Company.



Cite:  Sanborn Map Company.  Holly Springs, Marshall County Mississippi. [map].  1:600.  New York, NY:  Sanborn Map Company, 1925.
3) In the 1920's, The Compress changed hands and was later named the Federal Compress and Warehouse Company.




Sanborn Map Company.  Holly Springs, Marshall County Mississippi. [map].  1:600.  New York, NY:  Sanborn Map Company, 1941.
4) In 1933, Mr. William Lea, local manager, added two new sheds and a sprinkling system.




The following is a direct quote from the Centennial Souvenir about The Compress:

     "The Federal Compress and Warehouse Company is Holly Springs' largest and most valuable industry.  It is situated on the east end of the city on the Illinois Central Railroad.

      The original organization was established around 1890.  Mr. John E. Anderson, Mr. I. C. Levy and Mr. H. O. Rand were the founders.  Operations were begun in a small shed on the present site.  Early in 1900 Mr. Joe Newberger and Mr. R. L. Taylor of Memphis bought out the original owners and organized the Grenada Compress and Warehouse Company.  Over 42 compresses, in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Arkansas, grew out of this organization.  In 1924 the company again reorganized and became the Federal Compress and Warehouse Company.

      During the superintendency of the present local manager, Mr. William Lea, many improvements have been made.  A sprinkling system was installed in 1933 and two new sheds added, increasing the capacity of the press from 10,000 to 22,500.

      The compress renders an impartial service.  The interest of growers and buyers is safe-guarded and protected.

      With skill, born of long experience and practice, thousands of bales of cotton are handled each year with few errors.

       When you visit Holly Springs during the Centennial be sure to see the city's greatest industry, 'The Compress.'"


Cite:  Unknown Author. "Manufacturing in Marshall County." History of Marshall County.  Ed. Mrs. Frank Mattison. Vol. 1.  Holly Springs:  The Garden Club, 1936. Page 13. Print.


Related Blog Post:  http://thehollyspringsdepot.blogspot.com/search?q=blast+from+the+past


The Cotton Compress was demolished in 2016.  Follow this link to see more:  http://thehollyspringsdepot.blogspot.com/2016/11/compress-district-update.html

3 comments:

  1. This is a really informative article. My grandfather worked for the compress for many years, until the late 80s when he was transferred to the compress in Canton, MS.

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